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Angiostrongylus cantonensis Infection: A Cause of Fever of Unknown Origin in Pediatric Patients

  1. Debra L. Palazzi1
  1. 1Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital
  2. 2Baylor College of Medicine
  3. 3Section of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital
  4. 4Section of Neurology and Developmental Neuroscience, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital
  1. *Corresponding author: Catherine Foster, MD, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Fellow, Texas Children's Hospital, Feigin Center Suite 1120, 1102 Bates Ave, Houston, TX 77030, Phone: 832-824-4330 Fax: 832-825-4347, Email: Catherine.Foster{at}bcm.edu

Abstract

Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in children is frequently caused by infectious diseases. Angiostrongylus cantonensis, while a primary cause of eosinophilic meningitis, is rarely a cause of FUO. We present two pediatric cases of FUO caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis acquired in Houston, Texas, outside of its usual geographic distribution.

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