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  1. We used social network analysis to demonstrate that Illinois healthcare facilities with the greatest network centrality were more likely to report higher carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae rates and should be considered as sites for augmented infection control interventions.

  2. Using national human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) surveillance data from 17 jurisdictions, 38% of HIV-diagnosed persons in care did not sustain viral suppression in 2012–2013, spending 60% and 30% of observation time with viral load above 200 and 10 000 copies/mL.

  3. A case report presents prenatal and postnatal imaging findings along with an early clinical course of an infant diagnosed with congenital Zika infection. The patient's phenotypical features fall within the fetal brain disruption sequence.

  4. Symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–associated neurocognitive disorders that warrant neurological review were accurately predicted using a short, computerized CogState-based screening procedure administered in a HIV community medical clinic. The screening procedure was validated against standard neuropsychological testing.

  5. Use of World Health Organization International Standard traceable calibrators has improved interassay harmonization of cytomegalovirus DNA measurement, but significant result variability persists in clinical but not constructed samples. Clinical implications and possible variables contributing to ongoing variability are identified.

  6. There is no objective quantitation of toxoplasmosis disease burden in the United States. A large insurance-based dataset was used to identify clinical manifestations, residence, and associated comorbid conditions. Our analyses support the benefits of mandatory reporting and gestational screening.

  7. In a cohort of women in Laos, influenza vaccination reduced the risk of delivering a preterm live birth. The effect was observed only during times of high influenza virus circulation.

  8. In Virginia, a Medicaid nonexpansion state, AIDS Drug Assistance Program clients' Affordable Care Act qualified health plan coverage differed by patient-level and healthcare delivery factors and was associated with viral suppression, an essential outcome for individuals and for public health.

  9. Our patients with Bannwarth syndrome had fewer pretreatment neurological complications than reported decades ago, probably due to earlier recognition and prompt antibiotic treatment. Unfavorable outcome was rare and was predicted by the presence of symptoms 14 days after enrollment.

  10. In a systematic review and metaanalysis of trials involving treatment-naive human immunodeficiency virus–positive persons, we found no difference in clinical outcomes between nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors– and ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors–based combination antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, we found that participants who initiated either regimen had comparable viro-immunologic outcomes at week 48.

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